The most common oral disease is tooth decay. It is multifactorial and characterized by demineralization and destruction of the hard dental structures – enamel and dentin.
The causes of tooth decay are microorganisms in dental plaque and calculus, a carbohydrate-rich diet, defects and dysplasias of enamel and dentin, etc.
At Noradent dental studio, tooth decay can be treated conservatively (with drills and burs) and non-invasively (through remineralising agents).
What types of fillings exist?
- In modern dental practice, the most commonly used fillings are composite materials. These are so-called “white” fillings for patients. Years ago, amalgam fillings (metal ones) were used. They are no longer recommended due to the toxic effects of mercury in their composition.
- Composite fillings have the greatest application due to not only their good mechanical qualities but also their aesthetic ones. Their physicomechanical characteristics are colour nuances, saturation, transparency, opalescence, abrasion resistance, tensile strength, radiopacity, degree of polishing, manipulative qualities, and others. Composite materials consist of a dispersing medium-organic matrix, dispersed phase-filler, activators, and binding agents. Their bond with enamel and dentin is micromechanical. The fillings have biological compatibility with dental tissues.
It is obligatory that the operative tooth field be extremely clean during each clinical procedure of the composite restoration. For this reason, isolation of the so-called dental dam is recommended.
What is the protocol for placing a filling at Noradent?
At Noradent, before starting such a procedure, a local anaesthetic is applied to ensure that the patient is calm and does not feel pain. After cleaning the carious lesion, a rubber dam is placed to protect the tooth from contamination with saliva. The composite material is then applied and layered while respecting all the anatomical features of the lost dental structures. The final stage is finishing and polishing the filling.
Composite fillings can be placed on all tooth surfaces except for the roots. For root decay, it is recommended to use a glass-ionomer material (GIC). There are already new generations of GIC that are aesthetic and can be polished similarly to composite. Its bond with the hard tooth structures is ionic, and they are biocompatible.
How do we choose which material the filling should be made of?
The answer to this question is given by the skills and experience of the dentist.
After diagnosing and determining the size of the defect, the type of affected tooth surface, and the qualities of the materials, the team of dentists at Noradent assesses which type to use.
Why trust Noradent?
Tooth decay is a daily practice for us, as well as for most dental clinics. At Noradent, we approach with care and individual attention to every patient. We prepare a treatment plan and discuss the options for its implementation. We strive to build trust with our patients because only then do they feel at ease during every visit to our clinic.